GILGAL (Heb. גִּלְגָּל), name indicating an ancient sacred site on which a circle of large stones was erected. Gilgalim ("circles") were constructed in Canaan from very early times; the Bible mentions several places called Gilgal which were named after gilgalim in their vicinity. (1) The best-known Gilgal is the place "on the east border of Jericho" where the Israelites encamped after crossing the Jordan. There Joshua set up the 12 stones which the Israelites had taken from the Jordan (Josh. 4:19–20). At Gilgal Pesaḥ (Passover) was celebrated and those born in the desert were circumcised. "This day have I rolled away (galloti from root galol) the reproach of Egypt from off you" is the biblical explanation given for the place-name (5:7–10). The camp at Gilgal served as a base during Joshua's wars (9:6; 10:6–9; 14:6). After the conquest of Canaan, the site continued to be sacred; in times of national crisis sacrifices were offered there; Samuel judged Israel there; and Saul was crowned king at Gilgal (I Sam. 10:8; 7:16; 11:14–15). Later its cult aroused the wrath of the prophets (Hos. 4:15; Amos 4:4; 5:5). In the period of the Second Temple it was called Beth-Gilgal and was inhabited by levites who were sons of the Temple singers (Neh. 12:29). The 12 stones in Gilgal are mentioned in the Talmud (Sot. 35b). Eusebius locates it east of Jericho (Onom. 64:24ff.). The Madaba Map shows a church, in which the stones have been embodied, east of the tell of Jericho. Khirbat al-Mafjar or Khirbet al-Athala have been suggested for its identification. (2) Another Gilgal is perhaps referred to in the verse: "in the Arabah, over against Gilgal, beside the terebinths of Moreh" (Deut. 11:30); its location is not clear. (3) The Gilgal from which "they went down to Beth-El" which is associated with the activities of Elisha (II Kings 2:1–2;   4:38–44) is identified by some scholars with Jaljūliya, north of Ramallah; others suggest that it is identical with Gilgal (1). (4) The Gilgal mentioned in the description of the frontier of Judah near "the ascent of Adummim" (Josh. 15:7; but called Geliloth in Josh. 18:17) is unidentified. (5) The Gilgal whose king Joshua defeated (Josh. 12:23; LXX – "Galilee") is also unidentified. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Maisler (Mazar), in: BJPES, 11 (1945), 35–41; S. Klein, Ereẓ ha-Galil (1946), 13; E. Sellin, Gilgal (1917); Albright, in: BASOR, 11 (1923), 7ff.; M. Noth, Das Buch Josua (19532), 32–33; Abel, Geog, 2 (1938), 336–8; Kelso, in: BASOR, 121 (1951), 6ff.; Kelso and Baramki, in: AASOR, 29–30 (1955). (Michael Avi-Yonah)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • GILGAL — Sanctuaire israélite que les traditions bibliques situent à l’est de Jéricho, dans la vallée du Jourdain. Les traditions du livre de Josué rattachent le Gilgal au passage du Jourdain et à l’entrée des Israélites en Canaan (Jos., IV et V); ce lieu …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gilgal — bezeichnet: Gilgal (Bibel), mehrere Orte in der Bibel Gilgal I, ein archäologischer Fundplatz im Jordantal Gilgal (Westjordanland), eine israelische Siedlung im Westjordanland Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gilgal — (a. Geogr.), 1) Ort in Kanaan, zwischen [355] Jordan u. Jericho, dabei der erste Lagerplatz der Israeliten nach ihrem Einrücken; es gehörte später zum Stamm Benjamin; hier stand Anfangs die Stiftshütte u. hier wurde Saul zum König gesalbt; später …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Gilgal — (»Kreis«, »Steinkreis«), Ort in Palästina, zwischen dem Jordan und Jericho, war der erste Lagerplatz der einrückenden Israeliten; wahrscheinlich auch der Ort, wo Saul zum König gesalbt wurde. Heute heißt es Tell Dscheldschul …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gilgal — This article is about the Biblical place. For the kibbutz and Israeli settlement, see Gilgal, Bik at HaYarden. For the ancient village and Neolithic archaeological site see Gilgal I. For the J.R.R. Tolkien character, see Gilgalad. Gilgal is a… …   Wikipedia

  • Gilgal —    Rolling.    1) From the solemn transaction of the reading of the law in the valley of Shechem between Ebal and Gerizim the Israelites moved forward to Gilgal, and there made a permanent camp (Josh. 9:6; 10:6). It was beside the oaks of Moreh,… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Gilgal Refaim — (from Hebrew גלגל רפאים or Gilgal Refā īm , Arabic رجم الهيري or Rujm al Hīrī ) is a stone circle and ancient megalithic monument in the Golan Heights (under Israeli control), some 16 kilometres east of the eastern coast of the Sea of Galilee, in …   Wikipedia

  • Gilgal Sculpture Garden — The Gilgal Sculpture Garden is a small public city park, located at 749 East 500 South in Salt Lake City, Utah, United States. The park, which is filled with unusual symbolic statuary associated with Mormonism, notably to the Sphinx with Joseph… …   Wikipedia

  • Gilgal, Bik'at HaYarden — Infobox Kibbutz kibbutz name = Gilgal foundation = 1970 founded by = Nahal region = Jordan Valley council = Bik at HaYarden industry = Agriculture affiliation = Kibbutz Movement website =Gilgal ( he. גלגל) is a kibbutz and Israeli settlement in… …   Wikipedia

  • Gilgal — /gil gal/, n. the name of several places in ancient Palestine, esp. a site near Jericho where the Israelites encamped after crossing the Jordan. Josh. 4:19 24. * * * …   Universalium

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